AMASIYA


AMASIYA
AMASIYA, chief district town in northern Turkey. The Turks found a small Greek-speaking (romaniot ) Jewish community in Amasiya. After 1492 exiles from Spain settled there in a separate street, where they were merchants and craftsmen. In their neighborhood lived Greeks, and Armenians, popularly called "Amalekites." The Jewish community was small but organized, with a recognized leadership, and there is information about the regulations of the community and some disputes among its members. A document from 1683 mentions 73 Jews in the town and another document from 1576 mentions 63 Jews. Amasiya was an important town during the rule of Sultan suleiman I the Magnificent (1520–66). His son Mustafa was sanjakbey ("district governor") and was known for his hatred of the Jews. In 1553 a blood libel was spread by Christians when an Armenian woman reported seeing the slaughter of a Christian boy by the Jews in order to use his blood at the Passover feast. Several Jews were imprisoned and tortured and some "confessed" to the crime and were hanged. Finally, the Armenian who supposedly was murdered was found and the government punished the accusers. Moses hamon , the sultan's personal physician, succeeded in then obtaining from him a firman which prohibited governors and judges to judge cases of blood libel, and ordered these to be brought before the sultan himself. Jewish merchants from Amasya traveled to Tokat and Persia in the 16th century. In 1590 the Jews of Amasya suffered from the Cellali gangs of bandits. Many frightened Jews fled from the city and only in 1608 was the community renewed. During the 17th century most of Amasiya's Jews moved to Tokat and Ankara. In 1672 there existed a Jewish court of law. At the beginning of the 18th century only a few Jewish families remained in Amasiya. There is no longer a Jewish community there. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Rosanes, Togarmah, 2 (1938), 283f.; Heyd, in: Sefunot, 5 (1961), 137–49; F. Babinger, Hans Dernschwams Tagebuch einer Reise nach Konstantinopel… (1923), 117; A. Galanté, Histoire des Juifs d'Anatolie, 2 (1939), 285–9. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: U. Heyd, in: Sefunot, 5 (1961), 135–50; E. Bashan, Sheviyah u-Pedut (1980), 99; M.A. Epstein, The Ottoman Jewish Communities and Their Role in the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Centuries (1980), 200; Y. Barnai, in: Peʿamim, 12 (1982), 50; H. Gerber, Yehudei Ha-Imperi'ah Ha-Otmanit ba-Me'ot ha-Shesh Esrei ve- ha-Sheva Esrei: Ḥevrah ve-Kalkalah (1983), 159. (Abraham Haim / Leah Bornstein-Makovetsky (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Amasiya, Armenia — may refer to: *Amasiya, Armavir *Amasiya, Shirak …   Wikipedia

  • Nysa, Anatolia — Nysa was an ancient Greek city of Anatolia, whose remnants are now in the Sultanhisar district of Aydın Province of Turkey 50 km east of the Ionian city of Ephesus. The geographer and historian Strabo, born in Amasiya started his life of study in …   Wikipedia

  • Amasia — may refer to:*Amasya, a town in Northern Turkey *Amasia (titular see) *Amasia, Shirak, a town in Armenia *Amasia, Armavir, a town in Armenia *A Latin name for the Ems (river), a river in Germany and the Netherlands *Amasia (continent), a possible …   Wikipedia

  • Gukasyan — For the towns in Armenia, see Amasiya, Shirak or Ashotsk. Gukasyan ( hy. Ղուկասյան, ru. Гукасян) IPA ru|gukɐsʲan) Armenian surname. In Russia, Azerbaijan and other countries some keepers of this surname changed to Gukasov ( ru. Гукасов).Known… …   Wikipedia

  • Amasia, Shirak — Infobox Settlement official name =Amasia Ամասիա native name = pushpin mapsize =150px subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Armenia subdivision type1 = Marz (Province) subdivision name1 =Shirak leader title = leader name = established… …   Wikipedia

  • Amasia, Armavir — Infobox Settlement official name =Amasia Ամասիա native name = pushpin mapsize =150px subdivision type = Country subdivision name = Armenia subdivision type1 = Marz (Province) subdivision name1 =Armavir leader title = leader name = established… …   Wikipedia

  • Amasia — Original name in latin Amasia Name in other language Amasia, Amasija, Amasiya, Gukasyan, Амасия State code AM Continent/City Asia/Yerevan longitude 40.95442 latitude 43.7872 altitude 1877 Population 1675 Date 2012 01 17 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.